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Toro Negro Medicinal Garden

 

 trinitarian medicinal plant


Medicinal Plants Toro Negro Puerto Rico

Toro Negro State Forest is a protected area in Puerto Rico, known for its rich biodiversity and cultural heritage. The forest is home to a variety of medicinal plants that have been used by the local population for centuries. Here are some of the medicinal plants found in Toro Negro State Forest:

  • Tabonuco (Dacryodes excelsa): A tree species that is used to treat various health conditions, including fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

  • Ausubo (Manilkara bidentata): A tree species that is used to treat skin conditions, such as eczema and acne.

  • Montillo (Sloanea berteroana): A tree species that is used to treat digestive problems, such as diarrhea and constipation.

Traditional Medicine in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico has a rich tradition of traditional medicine, which is based on the use of medicinal plants and other natural remedies. The island’s indigenous people, the Tainos, used medicinal plants to treat various health conditions, and this knowledge was passed down through generations.

Earth and Spirit: Medicinal Plants and Healing Lore from Puerto Rico

“Earth and Spirit” is a book that explores the traditional medicine of Puerto Rico, focusing on the use of medicinal plants and other natural remedies. The book features interviews with traditional healers, curanderos, and other individuals who have knowledge of the island’s medicinal plants and healing traditions.

Reforestation and Conservation Efforts

Toro Negro State Forest has undergone reforestation efforts, which have helped to restore the forest’s ecosystem and promote the growth of medicinal plants. The forest is also home to a variety of wildlife, including birds, reptiles, and mammals.


Natural remedies you can find in Toro Negro forest.

Puerto Rico is home to a rich tradition of using medicinal plants and herbs for healing and wellness. Here are some examples of medicinal plants commonly used in Puerto Rican folk medicine


Medicinal plant


Dog cadillo remedies

Dog cadillo is a plant with medicinal properties that has been used to treat various diseases. Here are some of the medicinal properties and uses of dog cadillo:

Restore liver and liver health: Dog cadillo is considered a miracle plant to restore liver and liver health in general.

Inflamed liver treatment: The plant is used to treat inflamed liver and other liver health related problems.

Kidney and lung treatment: Dog cadillo is used to treat kidney and lung problems, such as infection and inflammation.

Infusion and tincture: The plant can be consumed in infusion or tincture to take advantage of its medicinal properties.

Capsules and dry grass: You can also find the dog's cadillo in the form of capsules and dry grass for consumption.

It is important to remember that, before using any remedy, it is advisable to consult a health professional to determine the appropriate dose and form of preparation.

Dog cadillo remedies preparation

Dog cadillo is a plant with medicinal properties that can be prepared in different ways to obtain health benefits. Here are some ways to prepare the dog cadillo:

Infusion: An infusion can be prepared with the dry or fresh herb of the dog's cadillo. A tablespoon of grass is placed in a thermos with hot water and left to rest for 5-10 minutes. Then it leaks and drinks like tea.

Tincture: A tincture can be prepared with the dry grass of the dog's cadillo. The grass is placed in a syrup and left to marinate for 2-4 weeks. It is then filtered and used as a remedy for digestive and liver problems.

Capsules: Dog cadillo capsules can be found in natural product stores or pharmacies. It is recommended to follow the instructions for use indicated on the label.

Extract: Dog cadillo extract can be found in the form of drops or powder. It can be added to tea or food for health benefits.

It is important to remember that before consuming any remedy, It is advisable to consult a doctor or a health professional to determine the appropriate dose and method of preparation for your specific case.

 

trinitarian medicinal plant

Trinitarian

It is an annual or biannual herb, belonging to the Nyctaginaceae family that breeds in the high and middle mountains, as well as in the pastures, meadows and forests of the Mediterranean, as long as there is enough humidity and the climate is rather cool, in which case it blooms almost without interruption throughout the year; if the two mentioned conditions do not exist, it only blooms in winter and spring.

There are numerous varieties that range from those with flowers so tiny that their corolla barely protrudes from the chalice to the cultivated thoughts of huge and beautiful flowers; from those that barely reach half a span of height to those that grow oppressed among other plants and stretch until reaching almost half a meter.

But all of them have the same five-petal flowers of one or more colors, so well known and unmistakable that it is not necessary to describe them, and the oblong, teeth-shaped leaves with large stipules on the sides of the petiole.

The entire plant is collected, respecting the roots, and it dries out as quickly as possible, in the shade and in an airy place. It should spread on fabrics or reeds, without the plants touching or covering each other

A large majority of authors, especially French (including Mességue), include violet (Viola adórala) and trinitaria (Viola tricolor) in a single section, attributing the same qualities and even the same story, which constitutes a serious mistake.

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Properties of the trinitarian medicinal plant

Trinitarian is purifying, diuretic and fluidizing the blood, which, together with its high content of vitamin C, makes it very effective in circulatory problems — especially venous ones —, and in all kinds of skin diseases, especially eruptive diseases and all those that usually appear when there are neutral and arthritics.

Therefore it is used in the treatment of dairy, eczema, herpes, tub, hives and scrofulism, as well as rheumatism arteriosclerosis and nervous spasms.

It has no other drawback than its relatively slow action, since the results are not usually perceived until 10 or 15 days after starting treatment, and the doses cannot be increased because doing so becomes laxative, and if the dose is excessive, in vomiting. All in all, it is worth persevering for several weeks because the results are usually spectacular.

Also for this reason, and in circulatory problems of some urgency — in phlebitis, for example — is usually used in complex formulas, in which its action is accelerated and complemented by the other components.


Trinitarian benefits


Trinitarian for what it serves (plant) # 1 Rich source of antioxidants: Trinitarian extract is very rich in antioxidants. In a test, it was found to be beneficial in killing all kinds of free radicals in the body.

Trinitarian for what it serves (plant) # 2 Helps kill bacteria: Trinitarian leaf can be converted to an extract, which can be beneficial in treating diarrhea and other gastrointestinal diseases.

Trinitarian for what it serves (plant) # 3 Helps to treat digestive problems: the compounds that live in the Trinitarian leaves have calming and anti-inflammatory effects on the intestine, making it essential to treat various digestive conditions.

Trinitarian for what it serves (plant) # 4 Improves the respiratory system: Trinitarian is useful to improve the respiratory system of the body. It also helps the proper functioning of the lungs.

Trhinitarian for what it serves (plant) # 5  Helps cleanse the body naturally: the trinitarian flower is beneficial for purging. It also helps rinse and remove various toxic substances from the body and cleanse organs, specifically the liver.

Trinitarian for what it serves (plant) # 6 Acts as antitussive agent: The flower, as we know, is a natural expectorant. Therefore, it is beneficial to promote the discharge or expulsion of mucus from the respiratory tract.

Trinitarian for what it serves (plant) # 7 Body detoxifier  Its regular consumption will help your body to eliminate toxins, and the rest of the unwanted material we get from our unhealthy diet and exposure to contamination.

Trinitarian for what it serves (plant) # 8 Relieves joint pain The ability of this flower to act as an anti-inflammatory agent helps us deal with the problem of inflammation. The most common problem is joint pain in people who age due to swollen joints. Therefore, the flower can be used as a natural remedy for joint pain. Effectively relieves pain by reducing inflammation.

 

What is the trinitarian flower for or the trinitarian flower Arteriosclerosis Pour 60 g of fresh or dried trinitarian flowers into a liter of water, let the liquid rest for 10 minutes and strain. From this infusion three cups are taken a day distributed between meals,

What is the Trinidadian flower for or the Trinidadian flower E for?ccemas Perform the same previous remedy, but use it externally.  That is, wash the damaged part several times a day.

What is the trinitarian flower for or the trinitarian flower for  Varicose veinsPerform an infusion containing a handful of trinitaria and galls of cypress in 3 liters of hot water and then take a foot-breathing bath

 

Adverse or excess

 

Ctrinitarian flower ontraindications Some people show gastrointestinal symptoms including nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea by consuming trinitarian flower tea excessively and frequently.

Regarding the plant itself, It is important to note that trinitaria has spines that are coated by a substance that can cause hives or contact dermatitis whose symptoms include itching, burning, pain or some sensitivity.  Therefore, it is recommended to wear gloves when handling this plant.  In case of suffering an injury, it is advisable to apply cold water cloths to reduce these symptoms.

If you grow the Trinidadian plant at home and have dogs, you should be careful, as it is a plant that shows slight toxicity to these animals.

 

 



DANDELION 

This plant native to Europe and Asia has more benefits than you think. In addition to being a perfect ally to detoxify the liver due to its vitamin A content, it also helps to have better digestion.

The easiest way to consume it is through infusions or teas.

 Dandelion recipes

Dandelion recipes are a great way to utilize the versatile and nutritious dandelion plant. Here are some delicious and creative ways to cook with dandelions:

Fried Dandelions (Appalachian-Style): A tasty and crispy fried dandelion recipe that’s perfect for a springtime treat. Simply coat dandelion blossoms in a mixture of flour, eggs, and seasonings, and then fry them in butter until golden brown.

Dandelion Greens with a Kick: A spicy and flavorful recipe that adds a kick to your dandelion greens. Simply sauté chopped onions and red pepper flakes in olive oil, then add in garlic and dandelion greens. Season with salt and pepper to taste.

Dandelion Soup: A creamy and comforting soup recipe that’s perfect for a chilly day. Simply sauté chopped onions and garlic, then add in dandelion greens, vegetable broth, and heavy cream. Simmer until the greens are tender, then puree until smooth.

Wild Greens with Garlic and Chili: A flavorful and spicy recipe that’s perfect for using up wild greens. Simply sauté chopped garlic and chili flakes in olive oil, then add in chopped wild greens and cook until wilted. Season with salt and pepper to taste.

Dandelion Cakes: A delicious and crispy cake recipe that’s perfect for a brunch or breakfast dish. Simply mix together chopped dandelion greens, flour, eggs, and seasonings, then shape into patties and fry in a skillet until golden brown.

These are just a few examples of the many delicious dandelion recipes out there. With their slightly bitter flavor and crunchy texture, dandelions can add a unique twist to a variety of dishes. So next time you’re looking for a new recipe to try, consider giving dandelions a shot!

 

MINT

Peppermint is one of the most common aromatic herbs around the world. Needless to say, the number of dishes, drinks and desserts that we can prepare with it.

This herb helps improve digestion and detoxify the liver. The best way to consume it is through teas and infusions. Believe us, it never fails. ¡Take advantage of the freshness of the mint from your house! Here we give you some ideas.

Mint plant medicine

Mint plant medicine has been used for centuries to treat various health issues. Here are some of the benefits and uses of mint plant medicine:

Relieving Indigestion and Digestive Issues: Mint is known for its ability to ease indigestion, nausea, and other digestive issues. It can be consumed as a tea or added to food to help soothe the stomach.

Improving Brain Function: Mint has been shown to improve memory and cognitive function. It contains compounds that can help increase alertness and focus.

Masking Bad Breath: Mint is often used as a natural breath freshener due to its ability to mask bad breath and reduce bacteria in the mouth.

Respiratory Issues: Mint has been used to treat respiratory issues such as coughs, colds, and congestion. It can be consumed as a tea or added to a warm bath to help relieve respiratory symptoms.

Nervous System Relief: Mint has been used to treat nervous system issues such as headaches, migraines, and stress. It can be consumed as a tea or applied topically as a cream or oil.

Digestive Health: Mint has been shown to help alleviate symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and other digestive disorders.

Oral Health: Mint has antibacterial properties that can help reduce plaque, bad breath, and gum disease.

Skin and Hair Care: Mint has been used to treat skin issues such as acne, eczema, and dermatitis. It can also be used as a natural hair tonic to promote healthy hair growth and reduce dandruff.

Insect Repellent: Mint has natural insect-repelling properties that can be used to repel mosquitoes and other insects.

Overall, mint plant medicine has a wide range of benefits and uses, from digestive and respiratory issues to skin and hair care. It is a natural and safe way to promote overall health and well-being.

Some of the most commonly used mint species for medicinal purposes include:

Peppermint (Mentha piperita): Known for its cooling and calming properties, peppermint is often used to relieve digestive issues and headaches.

Spearmint (Mentha spicata): Spearmint is often used to treat skin issues and has a milder flavor than peppermint.

Balm mint (Mentha x piperita f. citrata): Balm mint is a hybrid of peppermint and spearmint and is often used to treat digestive issues and skin conditions.

It’s important to note that while mint has many potential health benefits, it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional before using mint for medicinal purposes, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or allergies.

 

 


Cardo Mariano (Silybum marianum)

Also called thistle of Mary or drunken thistle, this plant native to the Mediterranean basin has been used since ancient times. In Europe this biannual plant, known for its beneficial properties, was also used in food. Its fruit contains silibine, silcristine and silidianine, three substances that form a hepatoprotective complex known as silimarin. This acts directly on liver cells, regenerating them and fighting hepatotoxic substances (alcohol and other toxic food sources). It is consumed in the form of tea, infusion, oil or capsules.

The fruit of the Marian thistle (Silybum marianum) favors the removal of toxins from the liver.




Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

The common rosemary in the wild throughout the Mediterranean contour, it prefers calcareous lands and adapts very well to arid and rocky terrain. This plant, from the lamia family, is a small shrub in the wild that can reach two meters in height when grown.

The aerial parts of the bush (Rosmarinus officinalis) stimulate the bile production, the liver removal functions and the fat digestion. The period in which its properties show the greatest efficacy is in that of flowering.

https://hort.extension.wisc.edu/articles/rosemary-rosemarinus-officinalis/

https://www.foodandwine.com/seasonings/rosemary

https://www.southernliving.com/rosemary-recipes-6532198

https://www.epicurious.com/ingredients/12-ways-to-love-rosemary-gallery


Medicinal plant


Desmodium
 (Desmodium adscendens)

Similar to clover, the desmodium It is a perennial wild plant with compound leaves, native to West Africa. It is also very present in Latin America (Brazil, Peru, Amazon region) and in all humid equatorial zones.

Traditionally, it has been used successfully in tropical Africa to improve liver well-being and later the calming action Desmodium adscendens has been confirmed by various scientific studies. Desmodium thus contributes to good liver function thanks to its draining properties. Due to its beneficial effects, its use is highly recommended in detox cures.

 

Hepatoprotective and Antioxidant Activities of Desmodium Triquetrum DC

Our liver is often put to the test: between excess foods that are too rich and processed, but also excesses, a sedentary lifestyle, pollution... Our liver has difficulty keeping up. If we don't take good care of him, he'll slow down. This will inevitably have negative repercussions on our body.

Our liver, in addition to being a reservoir of vitamins, performs a colossal job in our body by fulfilling three functions at the same time:

Filter and purify the blood

Transform and store the substances we absorb (medication, alcohol, food, etc.)

Produce bile and proteins (as a reminder, bile helps get rid of certain toxins and therefore plays a fundamental role).

 https://en.santarome.fr/blogs/conseils-sante/les-bienfaits-du-desmodium

 



 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3374568/

 

What are the virtues of Desmodium?


 


 

Turmeric, natural hepatoprotector

Turmeric and its main active component curcumin, have been related to properties anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer. Oxidative stress has been considered a key factor causing liver damage induced by a variety of agents, including alcohol and dietary components, among others, which in turn results in the progression of liver diseases.

 

According to a review, curcumin is capable of protecting and treating liver diseases and altering different cell pathways. “ This substance induces the expression of hemo oxygenase-1 that cleaves the heme and produces CO, biliverdin and bilirubin and other antioxidant molecules. Regarding the reported effects on cellular responses, curcumin inhibits the activation and proliferation of HSCs, which leads to a decrease in collagen production from the extracellular matrix and protects the liver from fibrogenesis”, explains the study.

 

Type 2 Diabetes



Because curcumin can help fight inflammation and keep blood sugar levels steady, it could be a useful tool to prevent or treat type 2 diabetes. One study followed 240 adults with prediabetes and found that taking a curcumin supplement over 9 months lowered their odds of developing diabetes. Research is ongoing, but a lot of the studies so far have been on animals, not people.

 

Viral Infections



The next time you're under the weather, you may want to sip some turmeric tea. Curcumin might help you to fight off a variety of viruses, including herpes and the flu. (But most of the research on this was done in a lab, not on people.) Keep in mind that turmeric is only about 3% curcumin, and your body doesn't absorb curcumin well, so the occasional cup of tea won't be a cure-all.

 

 

Premenstrual Syndrome



A recent study that followed women for three menstrual cycles in a row found that curcumin supplements helped ease PMS symptoms. A study on muscles from guinea pigs and rats suggests that turmeric could bring relief from menstrual cramps, too.

 

High Cholesterol

Research on turmeric's ability to protect your ticker has been mixed. Some studies have found that turmeric can lower LDL "bad" cholesterol, while others concluded that the spice has no effect. Scientists continue to look into the heart-protective possibilities of turmeric. One small study found that turmeric can help ward off heart attacks in people who have had bypass surgery.

 

Alzheimer's Disease


People with Alzheimer's have chronic inflammation, and turmeric seems to have natural anti-inflammatory effects. So does turmeric fight Alzheimer's? Sorry, there's no strong scientific evidence yet that taking turmeric is an effective way to prevent the disease.

 

 

Arthritis

Turmeric has shown promise for its ability to ease joint pain, stiffness, and inflammation. However, we need more research before turmeric becomes a go-to arthritis treatment. If you decide to try it for your joint pain, help your body absorb natural curcumin by eating your turmeric along with black pepper. 

 

Cancer

In lab and animal studies, turmeric has stopped the growth of tumor cells, helped detoxifying enzymes work better, and more. What these studies can't tell us, though, is what will happen in the human body when a person eats turmeric. Plus, there's a chance that turmeric might interfere with some chemotherapy drugs.

 

Headaches

Since its relative ginger is a well-known natural headache remedy, it's no surprise that turmeric gets recommended as a headache treatment, too -- especially for migraines. Although people sing its praises online, there's little scientific evidence showing that turmeric can treat or prevent headaches, although one study suggests it could be part of a new approach.

 

Possibly Effective for

Hay fever. Taking turmeric by mouth seems to reduce hay fever symptoms such as sneezingitchingrunny nose, and congestion.

Indigestion (dyspepsia). Taking turmeric may improve indigestion in some patients. Taking curcumin, a chemical found in turmeric, by mouth may work as well as another drug, called omeprazole.

Depression. Most research shows that taking curcumin, a chemical found in turmeric, by mouth reduces depression symptoms in people already using an antidepressant.

High levels of cholesterol or other fats (lipids) in the blood (hyperlipidemia). Taking turmeric by mouth seems to lower levels of blood fats called triglycerides. But the effects of turmeric on cholesterol levels are conflicting. Also, there are many different turmeric products available. It is not known which ones work best.

Buildup of fat in the liver in people who drink little or no alcohol (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or NAFLD). Taking turmeric extract by mouth reduces markers of liver injury in people who have this condition. It also seems to help prevent the build-up of more fat in the liver.

Swelling (inflammation) and sores inside the mouth (oral mucositis). Taking curcumin, a chemical found in turmeric, by mouth, or as a lozenge or mouthwash, seems to prevent swelling and sores in the mouth during radiation treatment for cancer.

Osteoarthritis. Taking turmeric extracts, alone or together with other herbal ingredients, can reduce pain and improve function in people with knee osteoarthritis. Turmeric might work about as well as ibuprofen for reducing pain. But it doesn't seem to work as well as another drug, called diclofenac.

Itching. Taking turmeric by mouth might reduce itching that is caused by various conditions.

Possibly Ineffective for

Alzheimer disease. Taking turmeric, or a chemical in turmeric called curcumin, by mouth does not seem to improve symptoms of Alzheimer disease.

Stomach ulcers. Taking turmeric by mouth does not seem to improve stomach ulcers.

There is interest in using turmeric for a number of other purposes, but there isn't enough reliable information to say whether it might be helpful.

Side Effects

When taken by mouth: Turmeric is likely safe when used short-term. Turmeric products that provide up to 8 grams of curcumin daily seem to be safe when used for up to 2 months, Also, taking up to 3 grams of turmeric daily seems to be safe when used for up to 3 months. Turmeric usually doesn't cause serious side effects. Some people can experience mild side effects such as stomach upset, nausea, dizziness, or diarrhea. These side effects are more common at higher doses.

When applied to the skin: Turmeric is likely safe. It is possibly safe when turmeric is applied inside the mouth as a mouthwash.

When applied into the rectum: Turmeric is possibly safe when used as an enema.

Special Precautions and Warnings

Pregnancy: Turmeric is commonly used in small amounts as a spice in foods. But it's likely unsafe to use larger amounts of turmeric as a medicine during pregnancy. It might cause a menstrual period or stimulate the uterus, putting the pregnancy at risk. Do not take medicinal amounts of turmeric if you are pregnant.

Breast-feeding: Turmeric is commonly used in small amounts as a spice in foods. But there isn't enough reliable information to know if turmeric is safe to use in medicinal amounts during breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Gallbladder problems: Turmeric can make gallbladder problems worse. Do not use turmeric if you have gallstones or a bile duct obstruction.

Bleeding problems: Taking turmeric might slow blood clotting. This might increase the risk of bruising and bleeding in people with bleeding disorders.

Hormone-sensitive condition such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids: Turmeric contains a chemical called curcumin, which might act like the hormone estrogen. In theory, this might have effects on hormone-sensitive conditions. Until more is known, use cautiously if you have a condition that might be made worse by exposure to hormones.

Infertility: Turmeric might lower testosterone levels and decrease sperm movement. This might reduce fertility. Turmeric should be used cautiously by people trying to have a baby.

Liver disease: There is some concern that turmeric can damage the liver, especially in people who have swelling (inflammation) of the liver (hepatitis) or reduced or blocked flow of bile from the liver (cholestasis). Don't use turmeric if you have these liver problems.

Surgery: Turmeric might slow blood clotting. It might cause extra bleeding during and after surgery. Stop using turmeric at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Interactions ?

Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination

Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric might slow blood clotting. Taking turmeric along with medications that also slow blood clotting might increase the risk of bruising and bleeding.

Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric might lower blood sugar levels. Taking turmeric along with diabetes medications might cause blood sugar to drop too low. Monitor your blood sugar closely.

Talinolol interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric might decrease how much talinolol the body absorbs. Taking turmeric while taking talinolol might decrease the effects of talinolol.

Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric might increase how much sulfasalazine the body absorbs. Taking turmeric while taking sulfasalazine might increase the effects and side effects of sulfasalazine.

Tacrolimus (Prograf) interacts with TURMERIC

Warfarin (Coumadin) interacts with TURMERIC

Warfarin is used to slow blood clotting. Taking turmeric while taking warfarin might increase the effects of warfarin and increase the risk of bleeding and bruising.

Medications for cancer (Alkylating agents) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric is an antioxidant. There is some concern that antioxidants might decrease the effects of some medications used for cancer. If you are taking medications for cancer, check with your healthcare provider before taking turmeric.

Medications for cancer (Antitumor antibiotics) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric is an antioxidant. There is some concern that antioxidants might decrease the effects of medications used for cancer. If you are taking medications for cancer, check with your healthcare provider before taking turmeric.

Medications for cancer (Topoisomerase I inhibitors) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric is an antioxidant. There is some concern that antioxidants might decrease the effectiveness of some medications used for cancers. If you are taking medications for cancer, check with your healthcare provider before taking turmeric.

Amlodipine (Norvasc) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric might increase how much amlodipine the body absorbs. Taking turmeric while taking amlodipine might increase the effects and side effects of amlodipine.

Medications that can harm the liver (Hepatotoxic drugs) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric might harm the liver. Some medications can also harm the liver. Taking turmeric along with a medication that can harm the liver might increase the risk of liver damage.

Tamoxifen (Nolvadex) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric might decrease how much tamoxifen is in the body. Taking turmeric with tamoxifen might decrease the effects of tamoxifen.

Minor Interaction

Be watchful with this combination

Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) substrates) interacts with TURMERIC

Some medications are changed and broken down by the liver. Turmeric might change how quickly the liver breaks down these medications. This could change the effects and side effects of these medications.

Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) substrates) interacts with TURMERIC

Some medications are changed and broken down by the liver. Turmeric might change how quickly the liver breaks down these medications. This could change the effects and side effects of these medications.

Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) substrates) interacts with TURMERIC

Some medications are changed and broken down by the liver. Turmeric might change how quickly the liver breaks down these medications. This could change the effects and side effects of these medications.

Estrogens interacts with TURMERIC

Large amounts of turmeric might interfere with the effects of estrogen. Taking turmeric along with estrogen might decrease the effects of estrogens.

Some estrogen pills include conjugated equine estrogens (Premarin), ethinyl estradiol, estradiol, and others.

Norfloxacin (Noroxin) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric might increase how much norfloxacin the body absorbs. Taking turmeric while taking norfloxacin might increase the effects and side effects of norfloxacin.

Medications moved by pumps in cells (P-Glycoprotein Substrates) interacts with TURMERIC

Some medications are moved in and out of cells by pumps. Turmeric might change how these pumps work and change how much medication stays in the body. In some cases, this might change the effects and side effects of a medication.

Paclitaxel (Abraxane, Onxol) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric might change how much paclitaxel stays in the body. Taking turmeric while taking paclitaxel might change the effects and side effects of paclitaxel. However, this doesn't seem to be a big concern.

Docetaxel (Taxotere) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric might increase how much docetaxel the body absorbs. Taking turmeric while taking docetaxel might increase the effects and side effects of docetaxel.

Glyburide (Diabeta, others) interacts with TURMERIC

Turmeric contains curcumin. Curcumin might lower blood sugar. Glyburide is also used to lower blood sugar. Taking curcumin or turmeric along with glyburide might cause your blood sugar to go too low. Monitor your blood sugar closely. Your dose of glyburide might need to be changed.

Losartan (Cozaar) interacts with TURMERIC

Taking turmeric while taking losartan might increase the effects and side effects of losartan.

Dosing

Turmeric has most often been used by adults in doses of up to 1.5 grams daily for up to 9 months. It is also sometimes used in mouthwashes, gels, creams, and tonics. Speak with a healthcare provider to find out what dose might be best for a specific condition.


Puerto Rico medicinal plants Top 50 list

Here is a list of 50 medicinal plants found in Puerto Rico:

 


Thespesia grandiflora: A tree that grows in areas with high rainfall and is used to treat respiratory issues.

Thespesia grandiflora medicinal receipts

Thespesia grandiflora, also known as the Maga tree, is a species of flowering plant in the Malvaceae family. It has been used in traditional medicine for its various medicinal properties. Here are some of the medicinal receipts associated with Thespesia grandiflora:

Antifertility and Antioxidant Properties

The bark of Thespesia grandiflora has been found to possess antifertility properties, which can be used to treat infertility in women.

The plant’s antioxidant properties can help protect against oxidative stress and inflammation, which can contribute to various diseases.

Antibacterial and Anti-inflammatory Properties

The bark and leaves of Thespesia grandiflora have been found to exhibit antibacterial properties, which can be used to treat bacterial infections.

The plant’s anti-inflammatory properties can help reduce inflammation and alleviate symptoms of conditions such as arthritis.

Hepatoprotective Properties

The plant’s extract has been found to possess hepatoprotective properties, which can help protect the liver from damage and disease.

Memory Enhancing Properties

The bark of Thespesia grandiflora has been found to possess memory-enhancing properties, which can help improve cognitive function and memory.

Other Medicinal Uses

The plant’s extract has been used to treat various other conditions, including fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Traditional Medicinal Receipts

In traditional medicine, Thespesia grandiflora is used to treat various ailments, including fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

The plant’s bark is used to treat infertility in women, while the leaves are used to treat skin conditions and wounds.

Conclusion

Thespesia grandiflora is a plant with a range of medicinal properties, including antifertility, antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and hepatoprotective properties. Its memory-enhancing properties make it a potential treatment for cognitive disorders. Further research is needed to fully understand the plant’s medicinal potential and to develop effective medicinal receipts.

 

Flor de Maga: An endemic tree used to treat various ailments, including fever, cough, and respiratory problems.






Annona muricata: A fruit that has been used to treat various health issues, including fever, cough, and digestive problems.

Annona muricata medicinal receipts

Annona muricata, also known as the custard apple, has been used in traditional medicine for centuries in tropical regions to treat various ailments. The plant has been used to treat:

Fever: The fruit and leaves of A. muricata have been used to treat fever, often in combination with other plants.

Pain: The bark, leaves, and fruit of A. muricata have been used to treat pain, including arthritic pain, neuralgia, and rheumatism.

Respiratory illnesses: The fruit and leaves of A. muricata have been used to treat respiratory illnesses such as bronchitis, cough, and asthma.

Skin conditions: The fruit and leaves of A. muricata have been used to treat skin conditions such as eczema, dermatitis, and skin rushes.

Parasitic infections: The fruit and leaves of A. muricata have been used to treat parasitic infections such as malaria, worms, and intestinal parasites.

Cancer: The acetogenins isolated from A. muricata have been shown to have anticancer properties and have been used to treat cancer.

Phytochemicals and Biological Activities

A. muricata contains a variety of phytochemicals, including:

Alkaloids: These are the major constituents of A. muricata and are responsible for its biological activities.

Acetogenins: These are a class of compounds that have been isolated from A. muricata and have been shown to have anticancer, antiparasitic, and antimalarial activities.

Phenols: These are a class of compounds that have been isolated from A. muricata and have been shown to have antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.

The biological activities of A. muricata include:

Antimicrobial activity: The plant has been shown to have antimicrobial activity against a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses.

Antioxidant activity: The plant has been shown to have antioxidant activity, which may help to protect against oxidative stress and cell damage.

Anti-inflammatory activity: The plant has been shown to have anti-inflammatory activity, which may help to reduce inflammation and alleviate symptoms of conditions such as arthritis.

Anticancer activity: The acetogenins isolated from A. muricata have been shown to have anticancer activity and have been used to treat cancer.

Conclusion

A. muricata is a plant with a long history of traditional use in medicine, and its phytochemicals and biological activities have been extensively studied. The plant has been shown to have a range of biological activities, including antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities. Further research is needed to fully understand the potential of A. muricata as a medicinal plant, but its traditional uses and phytochemicals make it a promising candidate for further study.

 



Citrus aurantium: A citrus fruit used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Citrus aurantium medicinal recipes

Citrus aurantium, also known as bitter orange, has been used in traditional medicine for its various therapeutic properties. Here are some medicinal recipes that utilize Citrus aurantium:

Recipe 1: Bitter Orange Tea for Anxiety Relief

1 tablespoon of dried Citrus aurantium peel

1 cup of boiling water

Honey to taste

Steep the dried peel in boiling water for 5-7 minutes. Strain and add honey to taste. Drink 1-2 cups a day to help alleviate anxiety symptoms.

Recipe 2: Citrus aurantium Extract for Weight Loss

2 tablespoons of Citrus aurantium extract

1 cup of water

Honey to taste

Mix the extract with water and honey to make a tea. Drink 1-2 cups a day to help with weight loss.

Recipe 3: Bitter Orange and Ginseng Tonic for Digestive Issues

1 tablespoon of dried Citrus aurantium peel

1 tablespoon of ginseng root

1 cup of boiling water

Honey to taste

Steep the dried peel and ginseng root in boiling water for 5-7 minutes. Strain and add honey to taste. Drink 1-2 cups a day to help with digestive issues.

Recipe 4: Citrus aurantium and Flavonoid Supplement for Antioxidant Properties

2 tablespoons of Citrus aurantium extract

1 tablespoon of flavonoid supplement

1 cup of water

Honey to taste

Mix the extract and flavonoid supplement with water and honey to make a tea. Drink 1-2 cups a day to help boost antioxidant levels.

Recipe 5: Bitter Orange and Turmeric Tonic for Inflammation Relief

1 tablespoon of dried Citrus aurantium peel

1 tablespoon of turmeric powder

1 cup of boiling water

Honey to taste

Steep the dried peel and turmeric powder in boiling water for 5-7 minutes. Strain and add honey to taste. Drink 1-2 cups a day to help with inflammation relief.

Remember to consult with a healthcare professional before using any medicinal recipes, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or allergies.

 






Solanum americanum: A plant used to treat various health issues, including fever, cough, and respiratory problems.


Solanum americanum receipts

Traditional Medicine: Solanum americanum is a traditional medicine used to treat type-2 diabetes globally. It has been studied for its antidiabetic and antioxidative constituents, which can be extracted using ethyl acetate.

Weed Host: Solanum americanum is a weed that can grow in various environments, including agricultural fields. It is a host for various insects, such as psyllids, and can support the growth of natural enemies like hymenopterous parasitoids, spiders, and predaceous bugs.

Food and Host Plants: Solanum americanum is a weed that can grow in association with various food crops, including beans, eggplant, pepper, potato, squash, tomato, and watermelon. It can also grow in association with other vegetables like cucumber, beet, pea, lettuce, and many other composites.

Toxicity: Solanum americanum contains the alkaloid solanine in its leaves and fruits, which can cause nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, abdominal pain, mydriasis, and seizures due to anticholinergic properties.

Genetic Information: Solanum americanum has genes that regulate secondary metabolism and plant defense in secretory glandular trichomes, including Nicotiana tabacum LTP1 (NtLTP1), T-phylloplanin, CYP71D16, NsCBTS, POLYPHENOL OXIDASE (PPO), SPECIFICALLY RAC1-ASSOCIATED (SRA1), CYP71AV1, ALDH1, DBR2, and Solanum americanum PROTEINASE INHIBITOR II (SaPIN2).

Growing Conditions: Solanum americanum is an annual plant that grows to 1 m (3ft 3in) in height. It is hermaphrodite and is pollinated by insects. It prefers well-drained soil and can grow in a variety of soil types, including light (sandy), medium (loamy), and heavy (clay) soils. It can thrive in mildly acid, neutral, and basic soils.

 



Guanacaste: A tree used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.


Guanacaste tree receipts

The Guanacaste tree, also known as Enterolobium cyclocarpum, is a species of flowering tree in the family Fabaceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas. It is a medium-sized to large tree, growing up to 25-35 meters tall, with a trunk up to 3.5 meters in diameter. The tree is known for its large proportions, expansive crown, and curiously shaped seedpods.

Uses of Guanacaste Tree Receipts

The Guanacaste tree has been used for various purposes, including:

Shade: The tree provides shade, which is symbolic of protection and is often prized in Costa Rica, where it is the national tree.

Wood: The wood of the Guanacaste tree is used for furniture, construction, and other purposes.

Seeds: The seeds of the Guanacaste tree are used to make interesting and useful things, such as crafts and decorations.

Food: The seeds are also edible and can be used as a food source.




Guayaba: A fruit used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Guava fruit medical receipts

Guava fruit has been used in traditional medicine for various purposes, including:

Digestive issues: Guava fruit is used to treat colic, diarrhea, and other digestive problems.

Diabetes: Guava fruit has been used to help manage blood sugar levels.

Cough: Guava fruit is used to treat coughs and respiratory issues.

Cataracts: Guava fruit has been used to treat cataracts and other eye problems.

High cholesterol: Guava fruit has been used to help lower cholesterol levels.

Heart disease: Guava fruit has been used to help prevent and treat heart disease.

Cancer: Guava fruit has been used to treat various types of cancer, although more research is needed to confirm its effectiveness.

Guava Fruit Compounds

Guava fruit contains various compounds that contribute to its medicinal properties, including:

Vitamin C: Guava fruit is an excellent source of vitamin C, which is important for immune function and overall health.

Fiber: Guava fruit is a good source of dietary fiber, which can help regulate digestion and bowel movements.

Antioxidants: Guava fruit contains antioxidants that can help protect against cell damage and reduce inflammation.

Flavonoids: Guava fruit contains flavonoids, which have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties.

Guava Fruit Precautions

While guava fruit is generally considered safe to eat, there are some precautions to be aware of:

Allergic reactions: Some people may be allergic to guava fruit, so it’s important to try a small amount first to test for any adverse reactions.

Interactions with medications: Guava fruit may interact with certain medications, such as blood thinners, diabetes medications, and blood pressure medications. Consult with a healthcare professional before using guava fruit as a treatment.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding: While guava fruit is generally considered safe to eat during pregnancy and breastfeeding, it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional before consuming it.

Conclusion

Guava fruit has been used in traditional medicine for various purposes, including digestive issues, diabetes, cough, cataracts, high cholesterol, heart disease, and cancer. The fruit contains various compounds, including vitamin C, fiber, antioxidants, and flavonoids, which contribute to its medicinal properties. While guava fruit is generally considered safe to eat, there are some precautions to be aware of, including allergic reactions, interactions with medications, and potential effects on pregnancy and breastfeeding.

 



Mamey: A fruit used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

1. Rich in nutrients

Mamey fruit is highly nutritious, packing significant amounts of fiber, vitamins, and minerals into each serving.

One cup (175 grams) of raw mamey fruit provides:

Calories: 217

Protein: 2.5 grams

Fat: 1 gram

Carbs: 56 grams

Fiber: 9.5 grams

Vitamin B6: 74% of the Daily Value (DV)

Vitamin C: 45% of the DV

Copper: 41% of the DV

Vitamin E: 25% of the DV

Potassium: 17% of the DV

Riboflavin: 16% of the DV

Niacin: 16% of the DV

Manganese: 16% of the DV

Pantothenic acid: 14% of the DV

Iron: 8% of the DV

Mamey fruit is particularly high in vitamin B6, a water-soluble vitamin involved in protein metabolism, brain function, immune health, and more (2Trusted Source).

It’s also a good source of vitamin C, a micronutrient that protects against inflammation and cell damage (3Trusted Source).

Plus, mamey fruit is loaded with copper, which your body needs to produce red blood cells and connective tissue (4Trusted Source).

2. May support digestive health

With a whopping 9.5 grams of fiber in each cup (175 grams), adding mamey fruit to your diet is a great way to keep your digestive system running smoothly (1Trusted Source).

Fiber moves slowly through the body undigested, helping add bulk to stools to ease their passage (5Trusted Source).

Studies show that increasing your intake of fiber can increase the frequency of bowel movements and improve the consistency of stool to prevent constipation (5Trusted Source6Trusted SourceTrusted Source7Trusted Source).

Plus, following a high fiber diet may protect against other issues like hemorrhoids or diverticulitis, a condition characterized by inflammation of the small pouches in the lining of the digestive tract (5Trusted Source).

3. Helps keep skin healthy

Due to its rich nutritional content, mamey fruit can supply many of the vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants your body needs to keep your skin glowing and smooth.

It’s especially high in vitamin C, which stimulates the synthesis of collagen, a type of protein that promotes skin elasticity and slows signs of aging (8Trusted Source9Trusted Source).

Vitamin C may also promote wound healing, reduce inflammation, and protect against ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin damage (Trusted Source8Trusted Source).

Additionally, mamey fruit is a great source of vitamin E, a micronutrient commonly featured in skin care products due to its antioxidant content.

Vitamin E is often used to speed wound healing, reduce acne, and treat conditions like atopic dermatitis and psoriasis (10Trusted Source).

4. Protects against anemia

Anemia is a condition that affects the body’s ability to produce red blood cells, causing symptoms like weakness, fatigue, brittle nails, and shortness of breath (11).

Mamey fruit is rich in several vitamins and minerals that your body needs to produce red blood cells, including iron, copper, and vitamin B6 (1Trusted Source).

A deficiency in any of these essential micronutrients can reduce the number of healthy red blood cells in your body, which can cause anemia (12Trusted SourceTrusted Source13Trusted Source14Trusted SourceTrusted Source).

For this reason, enjoying mamey fruit as part of a well-rounded diet can ensure that you’re getting the vitamins and minerals you need to help prevent anemia.

5. May enhance heart health

With plenty of fiber, potassium, and antioxidants in each serving, mamey fruit can have a powerful effect on heart health.

Fiber is especially beneficial. It may significantly reduce cholesterol levels, a key risk factor for heart disease (5Trusted Source15Trusted Source).

What’s more, a review of 18 studies found that eating more fiber — especially fiber from fruits — may be linked to a lower chance of developing heart disease (16Trusted Source).

Potassium, another mineral found in mamey fruit, also helps regulate fluid balance and blood pressure levels (17Trusted Source).

Getting enough potassium in your diet by enjoying nutrient-dense foods like mamey fruit may help prevent high blood pressure and protect against heart disease (18Trusted Source).

Furthermore, mamey fruit is rich in antioxidants, which reduce oxidative stress, alleviate inflammation, and prevent heart disease (19Trusted Source20Trusted Source).

6. Improves immunity

Mamey fruit is an excellent source of vitamin C, which is an antioxidant that may enhance immune function.

In fact, research shows that vitamin C can improve immunity by reducing inflammation, neutralizing harmful free radicals, strengthening the barrier of the digestive tract, and promoting the production of immune cells (21Trusted Source).

Some research suggests that vitamin C may also shorten the duration of the common cold and prevent other types of respiratory infections (22Trusted Source).

However, most studies focus on vitamin C supplements rather than food sources. As such, more research is needed on how vitamin-C-containing foods like mamey fruit could affect immunity.

However, mamey fruit contains several other nutrients involved in the production of immune cells, including vitamin E, vitamin B6, and copper (2Trusted Source23Trusted Source24Trusted Source).

 

Papaya: A fruit used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.



Pitahaya: A fruit used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Tamarindo: A fruit used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Yerba Santa: A plant used to treat respiratory issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Cedrón: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Cigua: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Cilantro: A plant used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Copaiba: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Cordia: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Crescentia: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Cupressus: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Diente de León: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Eucalyptus: A plant used to treat respiratory issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Ginkgo: A plant used to treat respiratory issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Guayacán: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Higuerón: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Hombre Grande: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Huevos de Gallo: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Inga: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Jamaica: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Lengua de Vaca: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Limon: A plant used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Lluvia de Oro: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Mamey Colorado: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Mango: A fruit used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Mangostana: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Maracuyá: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Menta: A plant used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Menta de Monte: A plant used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Miguelito: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Naranja: A fruit used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Naranja Agria: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Naranja China: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Naranja de Monte: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Oregano: A plant used to treat digestive issues and as a natural remedy for colds and flu.

Palo Amarillo: A plant used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory problems.

Palo de Agua: A plant used to treat fever

Puerto rico medicinal plants 50 receipt list

Here is a list of 50 medicinal plants found in Puerto Rico, along with their uses and properties:

Thespesia grandiflora (Flor de Maga): Used to treat respiratory issues, fever, and skin conditions.

Annona muricata (Annona): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Citrus aurantium (Sour Orange): Used to treat digestive issues, fever, and skin conditions.

Solanum americanum (Wild Potato): Used to treat fever, rheumatism, and skin conditions.

Galphimia glauca (Galphimia): Used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory issues.

Cassia alata (Cassia): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Euphorbia hirta (Euphorbia): Used to treat fever, rheumatism, and skin conditions.

Cecropia obtusifolia (Cecropia): Used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory issues.

Melia azedarach (Chinquapin): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Lantana camara (Lantana): Used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory issues.

Cassia fistula (Cassia): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Pimenta dioica (Allspice): Used to treat digestive issues, fever, and skin conditions.

Cymbopogon citratus (Lemongrass): Used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory issues.

Achyrocline satureioides (Achyrocline): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Baccharis trinervia (Baccharis): Used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory issues.

Eugenia jamaicensis (Eugenia): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Psidium guineense (Guava): Used to treat fever, cough, and digestive issues.

Mangifera indica (Mango): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Spondias dulcis (Mombin): Used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory issues.

Copaifera officinalis (Copaiba): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Piper auritum (Piper): Used to treat fever, cough, and digestive issues.

Cinchona officinalis (Cinchona): Used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory issues.

Gardenia jasminoides (Gardenia): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Cassia fistula (Cassia): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Eugenia uniflora (Eugenia): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Pimenta officinalis (Pimenta): Used to treat fever, cough, and digestive issues.

Cymbopogon citratus (Lemongrass): Used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory issues.

Achyrocline satureioides (Achyrocline): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Baccharis trinervia (Baccharis): Used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory issues.

Eugenia jamaicensis (Eugenia): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Psidium guineense (Guava): Used to treat fever, cough, and digestive issues.

Mangifera indica (Mango): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Spondias dulcis (Mombin): Used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory issues.

Copaifera officinalis (Copaiba): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Piper auritum (Piper): Used to treat fever, cough, and digestive issues.

Cinchona officinalis (Cinchona): Used to treat fever, cough, and respiratory issues.

Gardenia jasminoides (Gardenia): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Cassia fistula (Cassia): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

Eugenia uniflora (Eugenia): Used to treat fever, cough, and skin conditions.

 



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